Key to the maps of the Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe
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Historical Atlas of Europe
Key to maps
Explanation 2


Independent state name in black bold
Dependent state graduated and name in grey
Part of a state: roman diocese, ottoman eyalet etc. name in red italics
Sub-part of a state: province, county etc. name in grey italics
Boundary between independent states unbroken brown line
Boundaries between parts of states broken brown and white line
Boundaries between sub-parts of states broken brown line
Uncertain boundaries foutain fill
Rough territories grey or shade of grey
Unknown region
Not well known population or status name in dark grey on light grey

Names are written in latin from AD 1 to AD 500 and in english from AD 600 on. Modern notions such as "borders" or "state" do not correspond to ancient political facts. That is why graduate colors towards white are often used.